by Walrus-World | Nov 22, 2013 | Conservation |. The walrus can live in the wild from 30 to 40 years. Limits on commercial hunting allowed the population to increase to a peak in the 1970s-1980s, but subsequently, walrus numbers have again declined. Walruses have been part of the culture of many indigenous Arctic cultures for thousands of years. The Russian Atlantic and Laptev Sea populations are classified as Category 2 (decreasing) and Category 3 (rare) in the Russian Red Book . Perhaps its best-known appearance is in Lewis Carroll's whimsical poem "The Walrus and the Carpenter" that appears in his 1871 book Through the Looking-Glass. "Ecology and Biology of the Pacific Walrus, "The sensitivity of the vibrissae of a Pacific Walrus (, "Carnivorous walrus and some arctic zoonoses", "Izembek National Wildlife Report Sept 2015", "Stock Assessment Report: Pacific Walrus – Alaska Stock", "Status of Marine Mammals of the North Atlantic: The Atlantic Walrus", "Atlantic Walrus: Northwest Atlantic Population", "Disappearance of Icelandic Walruses Coincided with Norse Settlement", 10.1890/0012-9615(2001)071[0137:CDPOPA]2.0.CO;2, "Feeding behaviour of free-ranging walruses with notes on apparent dextrality of flipper use", "Feeding and Trophic Relationships of Phocid Seals and walruses in the Eastern Bering Sea", "Narwhals, Narwhal Pictures, Narwhal Facts", "Interactions between Polar Bears and Overwintering Walruses in the Central Canadian High Arctic", "North American Bear Center – Polar Bear Facts", "A review of Killer Whale interactions with other marine mammals: Predation to co-existence", "Hunting and Use of Walrus by Alaska Natives", "Use and preference for Traditional Foods among Belcher Island Inuit". , The rest of the year (late summer and fall), walruses tend to form massive aggregations of tens of thousands of individuals on rocky beaches or outcrops.  The walrus does not, however, comprise a significant component of either of these predators' diets. in the wild they can live to be about 30 years. O. rosmarus divergens . The Boone and Crockett Big Game Record book has entries for Atlantic and Pacific walrus. The walrus relies on this ice while giving birth and aggregating in the reproductive period. This species is subdivided into two subspecies: the Atlantic walrus (O. r. rosmarus), which lives in the Atlantic Ocean, and the Pacific walrus (O. r. divergens), which lives in the Pacific Ocean.  However, even an injured walrus is a formidable opponent for a polar bear, and direct attacks are rare. Atlantic walruses inhabit coastal areas from northeastern Canada to Greenland, while Pacific walruses inhabit the … The polar bear often hunts the walrus by rushing at beached aggregations and consuming the individuals crushed or wounded in the sudden exodus, typically younger or infirm animals. Researchers believe that this was due to the population reaching the maximum that it could sustain in a given area.  During the 19th century and the early 20th century, walruses were widely hunted and killed for their blubber, walrus ivory, and meat. It has also been noted that the mortality rate increased in the early 1980’s and walruses were weighing less. Many government entities have more to do with their manpower and with their funding than to go after those that illegally hunt the walrus. The Atlantic walrus was hunted to near extinction for its ivory, meat and blubber from the 17th to the 19th century. Its first part is thought to derive from a word such as Dutch walvis "whale". The Atlantic Walrus, Odobenus is one of two extant subspecies, the other being the Pacific Walrus. They are passionate about helping to ensure that the walrus numbers don’t decrease. Since a walrus's hide usually accounts for about 20% of its body weight, the total body mass of these two giants is estimated to have been at least 2,300 kg (5,000 lb). This more widely separates lactating females from their calves, increasing nutritional stress for the young and lower reproductive rates. In the poem, the eponymous antiheroes use trickery to consume a great number of oysters. descended from a single ancestor, or diphyletic, recent genetic evidence suggests all three descended from a caniform ancestor most closely related to modern bears. Reaching more than 3 meters in le... Getting into water may be a challenge If you weigh more than a ton!  For example, the Old Norse word hrossvalr means "horse-whale" and is thought to have been passed in an inverted form to both Dutch and the dialects of northern Germany as walros and Walross.  In April 2006, the Canadian Species at Risk Act listed the population of the northwestern Atlantic walrus in Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland and Labrador as having been eradicated in Canada. ] Compare морж (morž) in Russian, mursu in Finnish, morša in Northern Saami, and morse in French. The walrus was once threatened by commercial hunting, but today the biggest danger it faces is climate change.  Commercial walrus harvesting is now outlawed throughout its range, although Chukchi, Yupik and Inuit peoples are permitted to kill small numbers towards the end of each summer. It is a keystone species in Arctic marine ecosystems. size 4 1/2" x 5 1/2" - walrus photos from and back. Fish and Wildlife Service to force it to classify the Pacific Walrus as a threatened or endangered species. Since it feeds off of food from the bottom of it, the movements allow a variety of nutrients from the floor of the water to be mixed up. There is still a fairly high mortality rate among the young walruses though. , The compound Odobenus comes from odous (Greek for "teeth") and baino (Greek for "walk"), based on observations of walruses using their tusks to pull themselves out of the water. Atlantic walruses prefer to rest ashoreUnlike Pacific walruses, Atlantic walruses prefer to … The Atlantic Walrus is listed on Appendix III of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), which requires a CITES export permit to be issued before Walrus products can be exported from Canada. The mothers nurse for over a year before weaning, but the young can spend up to five years with the mothers. One of the most successful efforts they have contributed to is getting the trading of ivory banned in many countries. , Commercial harvesting reduced the population of the Pacific walrus to between 50,000 and 100,000 in the 1950s-1960s. The extent and thickness of the pack ice has reached unusually low levels in several recent years. O. rosmarus laptevi (debated). There are three subspecies of walrus: the Atlantic, the Pacific, and the Laptev walrus. Breeding occurs from January to March, peaking in February. It is estimated that close to 250,000 of them are distributed throughout the world at this point in time. Personalize it with photos & text or purchase as is! , The walrus plays an important role in the religion and folklore of many Arctic peoples. They winter over in the Bering Sea along the eastern coast of Siberia south to the northern part of the Kamchatka Peninsula, and along the southern coast of Alaska. They were also noticed in locations where they hadn’t resided for years. Tolkien to derive from a Germanic language, and it has been attributed largely to either the Dutch language or Old Norse. 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