vietnam human trafficking report

Traffickers exploit children and adults in forced labor in the garment sector, where workers are coerced to work through threats and intimidation. Local and provincial government officials at times employed practices that could be re-traumatizing to victims of trafficking. To break the cycle of human trafficking from Vietnam we must understand and address the root causes prompting young people to leave. The government continued a five-year assessment on NAP implementation benchmarks. Some diplomatic personnel reportedly lacked sufficient training to adequately assist victims, and NGOs abroad reported some overseas missions were unresponsive to foreign government and NGO attempts to connect them with Vietnamese victims. The government continued to operate 94 social protection or social service centers, some funded by NGOs, to assist victims nationwide, but none provided services to male or child victims exclusively. The Vietnamese government identified about 7,500 victims of human trafficking between 2012 and 2017, with 80 percent of the victims coming from remote ethnic communities. The 2017 Trafficking in Persons Report highlights the successes achieved and the remaining challenges before us on this important global issue. For the third consecutive year, the government reported a decline in investigations, prosecutions, and convictions of trafficking cases during the reporting period. Civil society organizations reported assisting 167 victims of trafficking. • Coordinate and effectively implement policies across government agencies to identify and assist victims among vulnerable groups, such as migrant workers, individuals in prostitution, and child laborers, and train relevant officials on these procedures. This is the official website of the U.S. Embassy and Consulate in Vietnam. Traffickers subject victims to forced labor in construction, fishing, agriculture, mining, logging, and manufacturing, primarily in Angola, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Republic of Korea, Taiwan, and the United Arab Emirates; there are increasing reports of Vietnamese labor trafficking victims in the United Kingdom and Ireland (including on cannabis farms), continental Europe, the Middle East, and in Pacific maritime industries. NGOs and the media in Japan reported Vietnamese workers pay $7,000 to third party brokers in Vietnam before entering the TITP program and then often must pay $4,000 to $5,000 if they break their contracts, trapping them in debt bondage. The victims received assistance in essential needs, medical support, mental health consultation, legal support, education, and vocational training. Human Trafficking in Vietnam. Despite continued reports of official complicity, the government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of officials complicit in trafficking offenses. A 2018 report by the Vietnamese National Committee on Crime Prevention and Control found from 2012 to 2017 law enforcement agencies rescued and received about 7,500 trafficking victims (1,250 per annum), where over 90% were female and 80% were from an However, the government did not demonstrate overall increasing efforts compared to the previous reporting period. External links to other Internet sites should not be construed as an endorsement of the views or privacy policies contained therein. • Increase national funding available to provincial-level authorities to provide services to reintegrated victims of trafficking. Authorities reported distributing 25,000 copies of awareness materials in border areas and 900 handbooks in particularly vulnerable communities. Vietnam says it "strongly condemns human trafficking," after UK police said they believed 39 people found dead in a lorry were all Vietnamese. Posted by myvietnam2. Complicit Vietnamese officials, primarily at commune and village levels, facilitate trafficking or exploit victims by accepting bribes from traffickers, overlooking trafficking indicators, and extorting money in exchange for reuniting victims with their families. Following the October 2019 discovery of 39 deceased Vietnamese nationals, including three minors, in a refrigerated container truck in England, the Vietnamese government issued a resolution ordering relevant agencies and diplomatic personnel in the UK to strictly investigate the incident and curb migrant smuggling. Some Vietnamese women who travel abroad for internationally brokered marriages or jobs in restaurants, massage parlors, and karaoke bars—including to China, Cyprus, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, and Taiwan—are subjected to domestic servitude or sex trafficking. MOLISA distributed thousands of handbooks on legal rights and frameworks protecting migrant workers. Within the country, traffickers exploit Vietnamese men, women, and children—including street children and children with disabilities—in forced labor, although little information is available on these cases. Despite some reports of official complicity, the government did not report any investigations, prosecutions, or convictions of government employees complicit in human trafficking offenses; however, corruption and official complicity, especially with respect to labor export enterprises, remained significant concerns, inhibiting law enforcement action during the year. North Korean restaurants operating in Vietnam may exploit North Korean workers in forced labor. • Amend the penal code to criminalize all forms of sex trafficking of 16- and 17-year-old children, consistent with international law. It identified significantly fewer victims than in previous years. In partnership with an NGO, the VGCL began working to form an association of migrant Vietnamese workers in South Korea to better inform Vietnamese migrant workers about their rights and services available. The Ministry of Information and Communication and the Women’s Union, along with several provincial, district, and commune-level officials, continued to organize several large-scale public awareness campaigns, reflecting the importance of awareness in the national action plan. **** US Department of State, 2018 Trafficking in Persons Report. The report, Precarious Journeys: Mapping Vulnerabilities of Victims of Trafficking from Vietnam to Europe, traces the journeys made by Vietnamese children and adults to the UK, finding that the governments of countries on key trafficking routes routinely fail to protect vulnerable Vietnamese children from exploitation. "Vietnam is considered a hotspot for human trafficking and illegal migration among countries in the Mekong Subregion, with estimated profits of tens of billions of U.S. dollars per year," Le Van Nhan, deputy head of the anti-human trafficking division under the Public … Despite these efforts, and aided by cultural norms or stigmatization that may deter victims from self-identifying, reports of migrant workers’ vulnerability to debt-based coercion continued. As reported for the last five years, human traffickers exploit domestic and foreign victims in Vietnam and traffickers exploit victims from Vietnam abroad. Traffickers subject victims to forced labor in construction, fishing, agriculture, mining, maritime industries, logging, and manufacturing, primarily in Taiwan, Malaysia, Republic of Korea, Laos, Japan, and to a lesser extent, some parts of Europe and the UK (including in nail salons and on cannabis farms). Violators received administrative sanctions. Traffickers exploit Vietnamese women and children in sex trafficking abroad; many are misled by fraudulent employment opportunities and sold to brothel operators on the borders of China, Cambodia, and Laos, and elsewhere in Asia, including Malaysia, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, and Thailand. Child sex tourists, reportedly from elsewhere in Asia, the UK and other countries in Europe, Australia, Canada, and the United States exploit children in Vietnam. There were no government shelters designated exclusively for male or child victims, although existing shelters assisted all victims as needed. The Ministry of Public Security walks a “fine line” between raising public awareness about human trafficking and “presenting a good face that they are in control”, noted Brosowski. In 2019, authorities reported identifying, at times in cooperation with NGOs, 300 victims of trafficking—a decrease from 490 in 2018 and 670 in 2017; however, for some victims the form of exploitation was unclear. The Government of Vietnam does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking but is making significant efforts to do so. The SituationVietnam is a source and, to a lesser extent, a destination country for men, women, and children subjected to sex trafficking and conditions of forced labor. Human trafficking in Vietnam is now recognised as an established practice. The MFA organized training courses on human trafficking prevention and combatting in the forms of periodic consular affairs training courses for officials prior to their postings to Vietnamese representative missions abroad. Some traffickers pose as police officers on social media networks to gain victims’ trust. US report on human trafficking contains subjective info about Vietnam Thursday, 07/02/2020, 22:35 VOV.VN - A Vietnamese Foreign Ministry spokesperson affirmed on July 2 that the US Department of State’s 2019 Trafficking in Persons Report does not reflect objectively and accurately the situation as well as anti-trafficking efforts in Vietnam. The government decreased efforts to protect victims. The Vietnamese government commenced a large scale restructuring of the MPS, merging its Staff Department (C42) responsible for anti-trafficking policies and procedures with the Criminal Police Department (C45) responsible for trafficking operations. In December 2019, guidance implementing the 2015 Criminal Procedure Code took effect and newly guaranteed victims of trafficking the right to legal representation. The government continued to support more ethnic minority’s languages on the hotline including English. The government increased efforts to prevent trafficking. Photo: VNA This was the… In November 2019, the Supreme People’s Court issued additional guidance on trial procedures for cases involving sexual assault victims under the age of 18, including trafficking victims. Although the government reports it no longer subjects drug users to forced labor in rehabilitation centers, international organizations and media report authorities continue the practice. Learn more about quality higher-education opportunities in the U.S. that you will not find anywhere else in the world. 0. PANO - "The 2015 Human Trafficking Report issued by the US Department of State does not assess objectively nor reflect the great efforts of Vietnam in the fight against and prevention of human trafficking over the past time". Article 151 criminalized labor trafficking and sex trafficking of children under the age of 16 and prescribed penalties of seven to 12 years’ imprisonment and fines of 50 million to 200 million VND ($2,160 to $8,630). Vietnam. • Cease subjecting Vietnamese confined to drug treatment centers to forced labor and allow independent verification that the practice has ended. For national, bi- and multilateral laws and agreements on human trafficking involving Myanmar, please … While the government completed the resolution providing guidance to the application of Articles 150 and 151, because it did not come into effect until March 15, it was too late to impact implementation of the articles during the reporting period. Some officials cited an increase in forced labor and noted incomplete data collection and poor interagency cooperation led to low victim identification. The government did not share assessments with the public. The government continued to support English and some ethnic minority languages on the hotline. The law protected victims from prosecution for unlawful acts traffickers coerced them to commit, but NGOs reported victims were less likely to come forward about their abuses in a judicial setting due to fears they may face arrest or deportation, and returned victims were afraid of being arrested for crossing the border without documentation. By vnmission | 21 June, 2019 | Topics: Official Reports, 25th Anniversary of U.S. – Vietnam Bilateral Relations. Because the government did not disaggregate its data by trafficking type, it did not report—for the eighth consecutive year—whether it prosecuted any suspected traffickers under labor trafficking provisions of the anti-trafficking law. The government did not provide statistics disaggregating cases by type of trafficking, victim age or gender, source, or destination. Vietnam reported 490 human trafficking victims in 2018. The government continued efforts to reduce the demand for commercial sex acts. Traffickers subject some children to forced or bonded labor in brick factories, urban family homes, and privately run rural gold mines. Vietnamese citizens, primarily women and girls, have been sex trafficked into … Some recruitment companies are unresponsive to workers’ requests for assistance in situations of exploitation, and some charge excessive fees that trap workers in debt bondage. However, civil society reported callers have difficulty when speaking with an operator with a different regional dialect. According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) and Vietnam Border Guards (under the Ministry of Defense) identified 175 trafficking cases, a decrease from 211 in 2018 and 350 in 2017, involving 229 alleged traffickers, compared with 276 in 2018 and more than 500 in 2017. During the reporting period, the government signed a bilateral anti-trafficking agreement with the United Kingdom to improve law enforcement coordination, and with the Republic of Korea to enhance cooperation between judicial officials, including training Vietnamese prosecutors. The government did not report if it addressed previous reports of local and provincial government officials employing practices that could be re-traumatizing to victims, including limiting shelter residents’ freedom of movement. The government reported repatriating 51 victims to Vietnam and assisting an additional 331 victims overseas, compared with 386 Vietnamese victims in 2018 and 138 in 2017. According to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA), the Ministry of Public Security (MPS) and Vietnam Border Guards (under Ministry of Defense)—often in cooperation with foreign partners—identified 211 trafficking cases (350 in 2017, 234 in 2016) involving 276 alleged offenders (over 500 in 2017, 308 in 2016). This followed the government’s 2017 Memorandum of Cooperation with the Government of Japan to improve protections for Vietnamese participants in Japan’s Technical Intern Training Program (TITP) amid continued reports of severe exploitation of Vietnamese workers. The coercion was facilitated by required payment of recruitment and related fees and use of irregular migration schemes, including for work on Taiwanese fishing vessels or on UK cannabis farms. The North Korean government may have forced North Koreans to work in Vietnam. A lack of interagency coordination and unfamiliarity among some provincial officials with anti-trafficking law and victim protection roles and responsibilities continued to impede anti-trafficking efforts. Will you help make a change? These missions could provide basic provisions, transportation, and health care to Vietnamese citizens subjected to trafficking abroad. The report provides a systematic analysis of the different strategies the Foundation has undertaken in the past six years in addressing human trafficking, some of which were also presented at the workshop. • Expand training for social workers, first responders and the judiciary on victim-centered approaches to working with victims of trafficking, including trauma-informed care. • Increase national funding available to provincial level authorities to provide services to reintegrated victims of trafficking. The procuracies (prosecutor’s office) reported initiating the prosecution of 194 defendants for trafficking offenses (245 in 2017, 295 in 2016, 442 in 2015, 472 in 2014) and the court system secured 213 convictions (244 in 2017, 275 in 2016); sentences ranged from less than three years to 20 years’ imprisonment, however some prison sentences were suspended. The topic was chosen after consultation with legal representatives who identified a major gap in country-of-origin information (COI), in particular in relation to treatment upon return and the associated risk of re-trafficking. A lack of coordination across agencies at provincial levels, persistent budgetary constraints, poor understanding of the relevant legislation among local officials, and confusion about individual provinces’ roles and responsibilities in the context of the national action plan continued to hamper effective law enforcement efforts. Large-scale Vietnamese infrastructure investment projects in neighboring countries such as Laos may exploit Vietnamese and foreign workers. • Continue to train officials on implementing guidelines for Articles 150 and 151 of the penal code, with a focus on identifying and investigating forced labor and internal trafficking cases, including those involving male victims. Police continued efforts to mainstream trafficking content into the training curriculum for new recruits; the MPS organized 12 trainings for 500 police officers, and in cooperation with an international donor, organized trainings on child sexual assault, including child sex trafficking. This joint report by Asylos and ARC Foundation addresses an information gap on the topic of victims of trafficking returned to Vietnam from the UK. That’s why we must pursue an end to the scourge of human trafficking. A steering committee chaired by a deputy prime minister, with the minister and a vice minister of public security as deputy chairs, continued to direct Vietnam’s anti-trafficking efforts. National authorities did not devote adequate funds for victim protection, encouraging provincial governments to use their own funds for trafficking programs to further decentralize this responsibility, and relied heavily on civil society to provide protection services with limited in-kind support. Vietnam timeline (horizontal page view) - PDF 213.6 KB Vietnam timeline (single page view) - PDF 232.9 KB Vietnam - Executive Summary - PDF 210.3 KB Vietnam - Full Report - PDF 670.1 KB Vietnam Anti-Human Trafficking Legislation & Track Record The United Nations Inter-Agency Project on Human Trafficking's 2010 SIREN report for Vietnam describes Vietnam's legislative tools to counter human trafficking, trafficking data and trends, actions taken, and key players in the counter-trafficking effort. Deputy Spokesperson of the Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign Affairs Pham Thu Hang. A straightforward fact: Vietnam is a human trafficking hotspot, and the trade nets annual profits worth tens of billions of U.S. dollars, according to the Ministry of Public Security.. Some officials continued to conflate trafficking with smuggling, which precluded the identification of victims who voluntarily migrated abroad. Civil society reported that this led to confusion on how to treat cases involving 16- and 17-year-old children —especially for cases involving labor trafficking—and resulted in victims being treated as adults in nearly all cases. The government did not systematically refer victims to protective services due to inadequacies in its formal referral process, including some border guards’ unfamiliarity with trafficking crimes, a lack of inter-jurisdictional cooperation, and incomplete data collection processes. For the seventh consecutive year, the government did not prosecute any suspected traffickers under labor trafficking provisions of the anti-trafficking law. • Vigorously prosecute all forms of trafficking and convict and punish traffickers, including in cases involving forced labor or complicit officials. There are increasing reports of Vietnamese labor trafficking victims in continental Europe, the Middle East, and in Pacific maritime industries. Trafficking Convention and Article 4 do not suggest that a victim of trafficking is unreturnable to the country from which they were trafficked. Join my panel! Vietnam is primarily a source country for women and children trafficked for commercial sexual exploitation and forced labor. Child sex tourists, reportedly from elsewhere in Asia, the United Kingdom and other countries in Europe, Australia, Canada, and the United States, exploit children in Vietnam. Despite these efforts, unscrupulous third-party recruiting organizations often placed migrant workers in debt. In 2019, MOLISA inspected 55 enterprises sending workers abroad, fined 21 of them nearly 1.5 billion VND ($64,740), revoked two licenses, and resolved 120 civil complaints, all related to labor migration, compared with 91 violations in 2018. The Ministry of Labor, Invalids, and Social Affairs (MOLISA), with donor funding, operated a 24-hour hotline for trafficking victims and victims of other crimes; authorities reported receiving approximately 2,520 calls in 2019, compared with 2,010 calls in 2018 and 2,700 in 2017. Reports continued of poor migration management and poor regulation of the labor broker industry leading to debt bondage and exploitation of Vietnamese citizens abroad. ... That source is now very out of date – the 2019 Department of State Report states that Vietnam “identified significantly fewer victims than in previous years” and “decreased law enforcement efforts,” and downgrades Vietnam … For foreign citizens who want to live permanently in the United States. The government did not systematically refer victims to protective services due to inadequacies in its formal referral process, including some border guards’ unfamiliarity with trafficking crimes, a lack of inter-jurisdictional cooperation, and incomplete data collection processes. Inconsistent with international law, Article 150 applies to children between the ages of 16 and 17 years old, and requires a demonstration of force, fraud, or coercion to constitute a sex trafficking offense; it therefore did not criminalize all forms of child sex trafficking. A 2014 legal provision requires a judicial proceeding before detention of drug users in compulsory drug rehabilitation centers and restricts detainees’ maximum workday to four hours. Vietnam's Public Security Ministry has said it collaborates with its Chinese counterpart to fight human trafficking rings. Additionally, the Women’s Union and officials from many provinces, districts, and communes organized multiple trainings, including on prevention and victim assistance. The government’s 2019 budget for victim assistance was 7.12 billion VND ($307,280), excluding amounts provided by international organizations, NGOs, and donors. Deputy Chief of Mission Christopher Klein, Federal Assistance and Scholarship Programs, Young Southeast Asian Leaders Initiative (YSEALI), USAID Launches New Project to Support Vietnam’s Commitment to End HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis by 2030, The National Tuberculosis Program Partners with USAID to Implement a New Strategy to End TB in Vietnam, The United States Announces Assistance to Advance Clean Energy Deployment in Vietnam, Joint Statement on United States, Japan and Vietnam Cooperation to Support Vietnam’s Energy Transitions Through LNG Utilization, Consular Sections Closed on January 1, 2021, Consular Sections Closed on December 24 and December 25, Ambassador Kritenbrink’s Remarks for the 25th Anniversary Gala Events, Ambassador Kritenbrink’s Remarks at 25th Anniversary Event Hosted by the Vietnam Union of Friendship Organizations (VUFO), STATEMENT BY MORGAN ORTAGUS, SPOKESPERSON, Remarks by Deputy Secretary of State Stephen Biegun at the Embassy of Vietnam’s Virtual 25th Anniversary Celebration, The United States’s Commitment and International Law in the South China Sea, The United States and Vietnam Strengthen Partnership to Address War Legacies, The United States Agency for International Development Announces Completion of its Green Annamites Project, U.S. APNSA Robert C. O’Brien’s Visit to Vietnam, The United States Announces Assistance to Help Vietnam Improve its Social Health Insurance Implementation, Secretary Pompeo’s Meeting with Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc, International Religious Freedom Report for 2016 – Vietnam, Peace Corps in Vietnam – U.S. Embassy and U.S. Consulate General Ho Chi Minh City (January 5, 2021), Upcoming Events for the Public at the American Center Hanoi. Trafficking in Persons Report 2019. The government reported training, at times in coordination with international organizations, 153 law enforcement officials on Articles 150 and 151; 136 border guards and Women’s Union officials; 128 interagency officials on combating child trafficking; 410 interagency officials on Vietnamese anti-trafficking regulations; and nearly 300 diplomatic and consular officers. The government reported repatriating over 386 Vietnamese victims in 2018 (138 in 2017). Foreign victims, including children, remained at high risk of deportation without screening or referral to protective services. • Coordinate and effectively implement policies across government agencies to identify and assist victims among vulnerable groups, such as migrant workers, individuals in commercial sex, child laborers, and North Koreans and train relevant officials on these procedures. Traffickers force children into street hawking and begging in major urban centers. A lack of interagency coordination and unfamiliarity among some provincial officials with anti-trafficking law and victim protection continued to impede anti-trafficking efforts. Email: [email protected] • Invite independent verification of the termination of forced labor within drug treatment centers and provide results of such verification. 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