, The Educational Decree of 1863 provided a free public education system in the Philippines, managed by the government. For their specialization classes, students choose from four tracks: Academic; Technical-Vocational-Livelihood; Sports; and the Arts and Design. American evangelists founded some Chinese schools.  However, there is also non-formal technical and vocational education provided as alternative learning programs. , Among those who benefited from the free public education system were a burgeoning group of Filipino intellectuals: the Ilustrados ('enlightened ones'), some of whom included José Rizal, Graciano López Jaena, Marcelo H. del Pilar, Mariano Ponce, and Antonio Luna—all of whom played vital roles in the Propaganda Movement that ultimately inspired the founding of the Katipunan.. Science and Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) which will prepare students for college courses in the fields of natural and physical sciences, applied sciences, allied medicine, computer studies, architecture, engineering, mathematics, etc. According to him, this will "give everyone an equal chance to succeed" and "have quality education and profitable jobs". Some private secondary schools have competitive entrance requirements based on an entrance examination. , In 2005, the Philippines spent about US$138 per pupil, compared to US$3,728 in Japan, US$1,582 in Singapore and US$852 in Thailand. This process involves the individually planned The Philippine Science High School System is a specialized public system that operates as an attached agency of the Philippine Department of Science and Technology. 1397. Poverty and inequality in the Philippines remains a challenge. In fact, over 4.5 million children were denied adequate schooling before legislation to ensure equal educational opportu… , Upon completion of Grade 10 of Junior High School, students can obtain Certificates of Competency (COC) or the vocationally oriented National Certificate Level I (NC I). LUC's are established by the local government units that govern the area of the LUC.  Meanwhile, the Department of Education, Culture, and Sports retained responsibility for all elementary and secondary education.. No. , Senior High School, as part of the K to 12 Basic Curriculum, was developed in line with the curriculum of the Commission of Higher Education (CHED) – the governing body for college and university education in the Philippines.  Some communities utilized a writing system known as baybayin, whose use was wide and varied, though there are other syllabaries used throughout the archipelago. Then President Manuel Roxas issued Executive Order No. This track will prepare students with careers in sports athletics, fitness, exercise, recreational leadership, sports event management, coaching, and physical therapy. The total number of children attending those schools was 135,098 for boys, and 95,260 for girls. After finishing a Technical-Vocational-Livelihood track in Grade 12 of Senior High School, a student may obtain a National Certificate Level II (NC II), provided he/she passes the competency-based assessment administered by the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority(TESDA).. International Schools offer electives or subjects like writing, culture, history, language, art, or a special subject unique to the school. There are other avenues of alternative learning in the Philippines such as the Radio-Based Instruction (RBI) Program. Nurturing the Holistically Developed Filipino (College and Livelihood Readiness, 21st Century Skills) so that every graduate to be equipped with information, media and technology skills; learning and innovation skills; effective communication skills; and life and career skills. It continued by fully implementing the system for Grades 1 and 7 during the school year 2012–2013, for grade 11 during 2016, and for grade 12 during 2017. Non-sectarian are characterized by being owned and operated by private entities that have no affiliation with religious organizations; while sectarian HEI's are non-profit institutions that are owned and operated by a religious organization. The Philippines had a functional literacy rate of 86.45%, with 84.2% for males and 88.7% for females in 2008.. 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In order to meet this new job demand, high schools were created and the curriculum focused on practical job skills that would better prepare students for professional white-collar or skilled blue-collar work. This called for the medium of instruction to be Filipino for: Filipino, Araling Panlipunan, Edukasyong Pangkatawan, Kalusugan at Musika; and English for: English, Science and Technology, Home Economics and Livelihood Education. The high school system was supported by provincial governments and included special educational institutions, schools of arts and trades, an agricultural school, and commerce and marine institutes, which were established in 1902 by the Philippine Commission. General high school, an important part in the Philippines during their regime was to make the native obedient. 656 public higher education institutions which account for 71.47 % of all HEI 's the present ]. That Spanish and Arabic shall be promoted on a particular theme or.... 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